The European Commission's cooperation with Kyrgyzstan and other countries in Central Asia is based on a multi-annual regional cooperation strategy which takes the situation and needs of each country into account. The Regional Strategy Paper for Assistance to Central Asia (2007-2013) foresees an investment of €719 million for regional programmes and country-based projects.

In the Kyrgyz Republic, EC cooperation focuses on social and economic development and support for state and administrative reform, while regional programmes prioritize cooperation in the field of energy and transport, environment, education, security and stability.

Since 1991, more than 500 projects amounting to more than €130 million were funded by the EU to support Kyrgyzstan directly. For the period of 2011-2013 an annual average of €17 million is foreseen. These funds are allocated to the three sectors jointly identified as priorities, namely Social Protection, Education and Good Governance.

In addition, the European Commission fosters exchanges with and among institutions whose development is crucial to the establishment of an economically, socially and intellectually thriving democratic society: research institutes, universities, private sector and civil society. Under the Non-State Actors in Development Programme (NSA), the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights (EIDHR) and several other thematic programmes such as Investing in People and Environment, European NGOs have teamed up with their Kyrgyz partners to help improve living conditions and promote democracy and human rights.

With the launch of the first Instrument for Stability (IfS) projects in 2008, the European Commission has considerably intensified its work in the area of conflict prevention, crisis management and peace building.